CCNP Route

Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Routing and Switching certification validates the ability to plan, implement, verify and troubleshoot local and wide-area enterprise networks and work collaboratively with specialists on advanced security, voice, wireless and video solutions. The CCNP Routing and Switching certification is appropriate for those with at least one year of networking experience who are ready to advance their skills and work independently on complex network solutions. Those who achieve CCNP Routing and Switching have demonstrated the skills required in enterprise roles such as network engineer, support engineer, systems engineer or network technician. The routing and switching protocol knowledge from this certification will provide a lasting foundation as these skills are equally relevant in the physical networks of today and the virtualized network functions of tomorrow.
CCNP Course Details:
Duration: 60-70hrs.



IPv4 Addressing

» IP Address
» IP Addressing
» Version of IP Address
» Characteristics of IPV4
» Classification of IPV4 on the Basis of Management & Business
» Public & Private IP Address
» Network Mask
» Role Network mask in IP Addressing
» Default Mask of Classfull IP Address
» IP Address is combination of Network bits & Host bits
» Network ID or Network Address & Broadcast ID or Broadcast Address
» ANDing Process
» No. of Network & IP Address in Class A, Class B, Class C
» Reason to Exhaust IPV4
» IPV4 Saving Techniques (Subnetting, VLSM, NAT, PAT, ICS, IP Unnumbered)
» How to proceed for Subnetting & VLAM
» Tip & Trick to find out Network Address, Broadcast Address
» First Valid IP address, Last valid IP address & Valid range of IP address
» Design, Implementation & Troubleshooting IP addressing
» Difference between Supernetting & CIDR
» Difference between Supernetting & Summarization


» Factors on which best path depends
- Longest Match
- AD
- Metric
» AD & Metrics of Different Routing Protocols
» Selection procedure for best path

Configuring & Troubleshooting of STATIC ROUTING

Configuring & Troubleshooting of STATIC ROUTING
» Static Route
» Float Route
» Balance Route
» Default Route
» Summary Route
» Alternative Route
» Use of Name ,Permanent & TAG
» How to Routing Loop in case of Default routing.

Configuring & Troubleshooting of RIP

Configuring & Troubleshooting of RIP
» Introduction to Distance Vector
» Formation of routing table in DVRP
» Types of timers to create and maintain Routing table
» How loop was formed rapidly when Loop eliminated techniques were not developed
» Loop eliminate technique and how it works
1) Hop count2) Split Horizon3) Route Poison4) Poison reverse
» How to provide fast conversion in DVRP
» How to prevent bad metrics in DVRP .
» Characteristics of Rip
» Difference between RIPv1 and RIPv2

» Rip case study 1
» Rip case study 2
» Rip case study 3
» How to read database of Ripv1 & Ripv2.
» Load balance of unequal path with the help of ACL & offset-list.
» Route Filtering via ACL and Distribute-list (inbound and outbound direction)
» Route Filtering via Prefix-list and Distribute-list (inbound and outbound direction)
» Route Filtering via ACL, Prefix-list and Route-map during the Redistribution.
» Rip default route via Default information-originate command.
» Rip default route via network command.
» Use of default passive-interface command.
» How to convert broadcast and multicast behavior of rip into unicast update.
» How to manipulate Rip convergence timer, max-path, administrative distance.
» How to convert periodic update into triggered update.
» Rip update authentication with plain text and md5.
» Rip update authentication with dynamic keys.
» Rip auto and manual summarization.
» Rip over frame-relay.
» Ripv1 and ripv2 compatible or not.(4 Labs ).
» How to disable split-horizon.
» Rip doesn’t support CIDR
» Rip doesn’t support bandwidth.
» Rip redistribution with static
» Rip redistribution with OSPF
» Rip redistribution with Eigrp.

Configuring & Troubleshooting of EIGRP

Configuring & Troubleshooting of EIGRP
» EIGRP Capabilities and Attributes
» EIGRP Tables ( Neighbor Table, Topology Table, Routing Table )
» EIGRP Packets
» EIGRP Neighbor adjacency components
» Using a Wildcard Mask in EIGRP
» EIGRP Bandwidth Use Across WAN Links
» MD5 Authentication
» EIGRP Stub
» SIA Connections
» Preventing SIA Connections
» Graceful Shutdown

» Configuring EIGRP Single AS & Multi AS
» Filtering Routes in EIGRP via ACL & Distribute-list
» Redistributing Routes into EIGRP
» Redistributing Routes into EIGRP Using Route Maps
» EIGRP Default Route via network command
» EIGRP default Route via redistribution
» EIGRP default float route
» Disabling EIGRP on an Interface
» EIGRP Route Summarization (Manual & Auto)
» Adjusting EIGRP Metrics via Offset-List
» Adjusting Timers
» Enabling EIGRP Authentication
» Logging EIGRP Neighbor State Changes
» EIGRP Stub Routing (Connected, Summary, Static, Redistributed , Receive only )
» Calculating the EIGRP Metric
» Load Balancing Across Equal Paths
» Load Balancing Across Unequal-Cost Paths
» EIGRP over Frame-relay
» Unicast behavior of EIGRP
» Effect of RID on EIGRP external routes
» K-value mismatch solution
» EIGRP with dis-contiguous
» Traffic share via administrative distance

Configuring & Troubleshooting of OSPF

Configuring & Troubleshooting of OSPF
Ospf terminology
» Link-states Advertisement
» RID & its selection procedure
» Loopback Interface & Loopback Address
» Hello Timer ,Dead Timer & Wait Timer
» Concept of Area in OSPF & its Advantages
» Types of Area’s in OSPF
» Priority
» DR & BDR Concept & its selection process
» Process ID
» Concept of Wild Card Mask
» OSPF Router States ( Down, Init, Attempt, Two-Way, Ex-Start, Exchange, Loading, Full )
» OSPF Packet Types ( Hello, DBD, LSR, LSU, LSA )
» OSPF LSA Types ( LSA TPYE 1,2,3,4,5,7 )
» OSPF Area Types ( Normal, Transit, Stubby, Totally Stubby, NSSA , Totally NSSA )
» OSPF Router Types
» OSPF Network Type ( Point-to-point , BMA , NMBA )
» OSPF Metric Types
» OSPF Authentication Types ( Null, Plain, MD5 )
» Concept of Area & its Advantages
» Concept of Virtual Link
» NBMA RFC Compliant ( NBMA Default & Point-to-Multipoint )
» NBMA CISCO Proprietary
( Point-to-Multipoint non-broadcast, BMA, Sub-interface Point-to-point & Multipoint )
» Selection Procedure of DR & BDR
» OSPF Neighbor Adjacency components
» LSA Sequence Numbers and Maximum Age

» Ospf Single & Multi area
» Ospf cost calculation
» Unequal path load Balance
» Ospf metric types
» Ospf Summarization on ABR
» Ospf Summarization on ASBR
» Ospf Database i.e. LSA types
» DR & BDR
» Area 0 Discontiguous
» Ospf stubby & Totally stubby
» Ospf NSSA & Totally NSSA
» Virtual links
» Database not exchange (Duplicate RID )
» Ospf Authentication plain text
» Ospf authentication md5
» Ospf route filtering via ACL & distribute-list
» Ospf route filtering via prefix & distribute-list
» Ospf LSA filtering via prefix & filter-list
» Ospf route O vs OIA
» Ospf route OE1 vs OE2
» Ospf route O IA» vs ON2 »
» Permanent Ospf default route
» Multiple process ID on a single router
» Hello & dead mismatch
» Route feedback


» NBMA default
» Point-to-multipoint
» Point-to-multipoint non-broadcast
» Broadcast
» Sub-interface point-to-point

Sub-interface multipoint
» NBMA default
» Point-to-multipoint
» Point-to-multipoint non-broadcast
» Broadcast

Configuring & Troubleshooting of BGP

Configuring & Troubleshooting of BGP
» Introduction to BGP
» When to use BGP
» When not to use BGP
» Types of BGP Peering
» BGP Multihop
» BGP Update source Loopback
» Three main reason why BGP Peering fails
» Concept of Multihoming in BGP
» BGP States
» BGP Message Types
» BGP Tables
» BGP Network Advertisement
» BGP synchronization Rule
» BGP Split-horizon
» BGP Full Mesh
» BGP Route Reflector client
» Next-hop self in IBGP
» AS Path Prepend
» BGP Aggregation
» BGP Authentication
» Remove Private AS
» BGP Attributes
» BGP Route Selection Procedure

» Configuring IBGP & EBGP
» Using eBGP Multihop
» Adjusting the Next-Hop Attribute
» Adjusting Local Preference Values
» Removing Private ASNs from the AS Path
» Prepending ASNs to the AS Path
» Redistributing Routes with BGP
» Authenticating BGP
» Configuring WEIGHT
» Configuring MED
» Configuring BGP Route Reflector client
» Configuring BGP with Default Route
» Configuring BGP Route Filtering
» BGP Aggregation


IPV4 Redistribution and Controling Routing Update
» Concept of Standard & Named Standard ACL
» Concept of Extended & Named Extended ACL
» Concept of Prefix-list, Distribute-list, Offset-list
» Concept of Route-map with match & set
» Concept of NULL Interface
» Concept of LM, AD & Metric
» Seed metric, Default metric, Route feedback , Routing loop, Passive interface
» Classful & Classless network advertisement

» Implement Ripv2 on R1, R2 & R6
» Do not use Broadcast and multicast between R5 & R6
» Stop unnecessary update in Rip domain.
» R5 and R6 use key chain CCNP_ROUTE and key-string administrator choose any name of your choice.
» R5 will receive network and with 5 hop from R6.
» R6 will not receive network that directly connected to R1 loopback 0.

» Implement OSPF as per diagram.
» R2 must be HUB for area 0 and R2 must be DR for area 27
» Do not use “ip ospf network “command in R1, R2 & R3.
» Create Virtual link between R2 & R7.
» Apply authentication between R2 & R3 in area 0.

» Implement EIGRP as per diagram.
» Apply authentication betweem R1 & R4, use key chain.
» R4 have only one neighbor in neighbor table as in AS 20
» R9 must be receive all the routes from next hop
» Apply EIGRP summarization on R9.
» R4 will receive only summary routé from

CCNP Route

» Redistribution between OSPF and RIPV2
» Redistribution RIP into OSPF
» Directly connected network belongs to R6 must have constant matric in entire OSPF domain.
While network connected between R1 & R5 have commulative addition of the cost in entire OSPF domain.
» Redistribution OSPF into RIP such as network connected to R7 have metric 5 on R5 and
network have metric 2 on R5.
» Normal redistribution between OSPF and EIGRP domain R4 and also normal redistribution EIGRP and
OSPF domain.
» R4 must receive from while from

IPV6 Addressing

IPV6 Addressing
» Introduction of IPv6 ,
» Need of IPv6
» IPv6 addressing
1) Link Local address
2) Site local address
3) Global Unicast Address
4)Multicast Address
» IPv6 packet type
1) Unicast
2) Multicast
3) Anycast
» IPv4 to IPv6 Migration
1) Dual stack
2) Tunneling
3) NATP ( Network address translation protocol )
» Different way to represent Ipv6
» IPv6 allocation among Internet registry
» IPv6 supporting protocols

» Manually & Automatically Generating IPv6 Addresses for an Interface
» Dynamic Routing with RIPNG
» Dynamic Routing with OSPFv3
» Dynamic routing with EIGRPv6
» IPV6 static routing

Configuring & Troubleshooting DHCP, GRE, PBR

Configuring & Troubleshooting DHCP , GRE, PBR
» Understanding DHCP
» DHCP Message Types
» DHCP Roles
- Acting as a DHCP Server
- Acting as a DHCP Client
- Acting as a DHCP Relay
- VPN & its model
- Concept of PBR

» Configuring DHCP Server
» Configuring DHCP Relay
» Configuring DHCP Client
» Configuring GRE
» Configuring PBR

End Course